Definition guide of skin and hair care terms. We define active organic and high-end ingredients with big impact. New terms updated regularly.
B3 – Be Bh – Bu
- B Vitamins
- The B Vitamins work together to support processes that impact hair growth. These include signaling the body to grow hair and keratin production. The B’s process iron which is vital for hair health.B3 (Vitamin)
- B3 (Vitamin)
- B3 is Niacin, part of the B vitamin family. It is a powerful anti-inflammatory when applied topically. Niacinamide reduces the redness and swelling of acne, irritated, and blotchy skin.
- B5 (Vitamin)
- B5 (Pantothenic Acid) is part of the B vitamin family, it helps soothe and regenerate skin. It makes hair strong, soft and silky. As a vitamin, it synthesizes and metabolizes proteins, carbs, and fats to make energy.
- B7 (Vitamin)
- B7 Helps hair cells reach maturity. See Biotin
- B9 (Folate or Folic Acid)
- B9 is for DNA, red blood cell, and RNA production. Folate prevents anemia. Anemia can cause hair loss, weak nails, dull skin, and dark undereye circles.
- B12 (Vitamin)
- Many women have a B12 deficiency. Some problems include fatigue, headaches, and weight gain from a slower metabolism. It also causes brittle hair, dull skin, and weak fingernails.
Baobab Seed Extract
- Baobob is a tropical, fruit-bearing, indigenous tree. Baobab Seed Extract or Hydrolyzed Adansonia Digitata is considered a superfruit. Rich in Vitamins A, C, D, and E, it feeds the skin. Baobob seed extract also contains moisture-retaining properties to reduce transepidermal water loss. Rich in Omega-3s such as palmitic, oleic, linolenic, and linoleic acids. Omegas moisturize and refine skin. They also build elastin, repair the skin barrier, and reduce inflammation. These properties make Baobab seed extract helpful for treating dry skin, even that affected by eczema.  Studies show the linoleic acid makes Baobob an effective acne treatment  while concurrently addressing signs of aging.
- Baikal Skullcap
- The root of Baikal Skullcap contains baicalin, wogonoside, baicalein, wogonin, and oroxylin A, all of which are flavones, a type of antioxidant that lend color to various plants and are known to be soothing. Also known as Scutellaria baicalensis root can help skin better withstand environmental aggressors that can worsen the look of many common skin concerns.
- Bakuchiol is a natural retinol alternative. It is plant-based, non-irritating and clinically proven statistically as effective as retinol. Bakuchiol improves photoaging, wrinkles, and hyperpigmentation equally as well as retinol, but Bakuchiol is better tolerated.  Bakuchiol stimulates collagen within the skin, as well as significant improvement in wrinkles, pigmentation, elasticity, and firmness without the retinol associated side effects.  Bakuchiol inhibits melanin production on age spots and acne scars better than arbutin . Bakuchiol helps with acne. Bakuchiol is derived from the leaves and seeds of the babchi plant.
- Baking Soda
- Baking Soda is a natural abrasive that softens the skin, but it is too harsh and drying for delicate facial skin. It cleanses teeth, exfoliates rough elbows, and can be occasionally used as part of a clarifying hair treatment. Common in organic bath bombs.
Bamboo Stem Extract, Bambusa Arundinacea
- Bamboo Stem Extract has flavones, a source of natural antioxidants. Since the skin on lips is a major target of oxidative stress, the antioxidant protection provided by bamboo extract is excellent within this formulation.
Bamboo extract contains glycosides, phenolic acids, and amino acids. These hold skin nourishing and soothing properties.
Bamboo extract is also hydrating, supporting other hydrating and humectant ingredients such as hyaluronic acid and Manuka Honey.[8,9]
- Beeswax has an occlusive quality to provide a barrier while retaining moisture. It protects from irritants and acts as a long-lasting protective barrier layer from environmental irritants and extreme weather. Beeswax softens skin and provides a bit of natural lip-plumping quality. It is a natural skin conditioner that stands up to wind, dry weather, cold winters, and hot summer sun. It is an anti-allergenic and anti-inflammatory. Packed with vitamin A, beeswax helps with healing, stimulates cell turnover, protects against UV radiation, and fights against the free radicals that cause premature signs of aging.
- Behentrimonium Chloride
- A natural conditioning agent obtained from the oil of field mustard seeds (oilseed turnip). This plant-based agent detangles the hair and reduces static while softening and strengthening the hair.  It penetrates the hair shaft so it is a potent conditioner.
- Benzoyl Peroxide
- Benzoyl Peroxide is an antibacterial wash or topical ingredient to fight the bacteria that form acne. BP is often too harsh for adult acne except for spot application.
- Citrus Aurantium Bergamia, better known as Bergamot has anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties. Linalool and carvacrol are compounds in bergamot oil. Both are excellent anti-inflammatories for skin issues such as acne and skin irritation. It also lends scent to skin and hair products.
- Derived from oat, Beta-Glucan is a polysaccharide sugar derived from yeast or oats. It is an antioxidant and skin-soother especially helpful for calming red, irritated skin.
Beta-hydroxy Acid (bHA)
- Beta-hydroxy acid is an oil-soluble exfoliant made from fruit and milk sugars. Used in skincare to treat wrinkles, blackheads, and photoaging.
Betula Alba Bark Extract
- Betula Alba Bark Extract comes from the White Birch tree. It contains vitamins B1, B2, A, C, and E. It is known for skin healing, conditioning, and anti-inflammatory properties. Research indicates that that birch bark extract can improve the skin barrier, increase skin hydration, and reduce trans-epidermal water loss .
- Pirez-S¡nchez A. Nutraceuticals for Skin Care: A Comprehensive Review of Human Clinical Studies. Nutrients. 2018; 10(4):403.
- Komane, Baatile M., et al. Beauty in Baobab: a pilot study of the safety and efficacy of Adansonia digitata seed oil, Revista Brasileira de Farmacognosia, Volume 27, Issue 1, 2017, Pages 1-8, ISSN 0102-695X,https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bjp.2016.07.001
- Dhaliwal, S.; Rybak, I.; Ellis, S.R.; Notay, M.; Trivedi, M.; Burney, W.; Vaughn, A.R.; Nguyen, M.; Reiter, P. (February 2019). €œProspective, randomized, double €blind assessment of topical bakuchiol and retinol for facial photoageing” British Journal of Dermatology. 180 (2): 289 €“296. doi:10.1111/bjd.16918. ISSN 0007-0963. PMID 29947134.
- Journal of Natural Pharaceuticals, December 2010, issue 1, page 40
- Tanaka A., Zhu Q. et al. Biological activities and phytochemical profiles of extracts from different parts of bamboo (Phyllostachys pubescens). Molecules 19, 8238-60 (2014)
- Wang J., Yue YD. et al. TLC screening for antioxidant activity of extracts from fifteen bamboo species and identification of antioxidant flavone glycosides from leaves of Bambusa. textilis McClure. Molecules 17, 12297-311 (2012)
- Chaudhuri RK, Bojanowski K. Bakuchiol: a retinol-like functional compound revealed by gene expression profiling and clinically proven to have anti-aging effects. Int J Cosmet Sci. 2014 Jun;36(3):221-30. doi: 10.1111/ics.12117. Epub 2014 Mar 6. PMID: 24471735.
- Ohno O, Watabe T, Nakamura K, Kawagoshi M, Uotsu N, Chiba T, Yamada M, Yamaguchi K, Yamada K, Miyamoto K, Uemura D. Inhibitory effects of bakuchiol, bavachin, and isobavachalcone isolated from Piper longum on melanin production in B16 mouse melanoma cells. Biosci Biotechnol Biochem. 2010;74(7):1504-6. doi: 10.1271/bbb.100221. Epub 2010 Jul 7. PMID: 20622433.
- Chaudhuri, Ratan & Marchio, Francois. (2011). Bakuchiol in the management of acne-affected Skin. Cosmet. Toilet.. 126. 502-510.
- Kortemeier, U., Langer, S., Schwab, P., Yang, B., Howe, A., & Facuri, S. (2013). Ingredients for ethnic hair care products: ethnic care. South African Pharmaceutical and Cosmetic Review, 40(3), 18-22.
- de CÃ¡ssia da Silveira E SÃ¡, Rita et al. “Analgesic-Like Activity of Essential Oil Constituents: An Update. “ International journal of molecular sciences vol. 18,12 2392. 9 Dec. 2017, doi:10.3390/ijms18122392
- Skin pharmacology and physiology, 2011;24(6):289-93. 2011 Jun 25., Dermocosmetics for dry skin: a new role for botanical extracts.
- International Journal of Women €™s Dermatology, June 2015, pages 85-89
- Al-Bader T, Byrne A, Gillbro J, Mitarotonda A, Metois A, Vial F, Rawlings AV, Laloeuf A. Effect of cosmetic ingredient as anticellulite agents: synergistic action of actives with in vitro and in vivo efficacy. J Cosmet Dermatol. 2012 Mar;11(1):17-26. doi: 10.1111/j.1473-2165.2011.00594.x. PMID: 22360330.
- Fujimura T, Tsukahara K, Moriwaki S, Kitahara T, Sano T, Takema Y. Treatment of human skin with an extract of Fucus vesiculosus changes its thickness and mechanical properties. J Cosmet Sci. 2002 Jan-Feb;53(1):1-9. PMID: 11917251.