Definition Guide for skin and hair care terms. Defining hair and skin ingredients with meaningful results. Updated regularly.
- Hair Texture
- Hair texture is classified by hair diameter and strength. Generally, the hair is considered as fine, medium and coarse. Each hair texture has different moisture and protein level needs. Hair texture defines how hair should be cared for, and what oils and ingredients to use to keep hair in the best condition.
- Hair Texture – Fine
- Fine hair is the narrowest diameter. It is not thin hair, but it is delicate and prone to breakage. Often baby soft and silky, most conditioning products are too heavy for fine hair and make the hair appear flat. Hair coloring can make fine hair brittle. Light oils such as apricot benefit fine hair.
- Hair Texture – Medium
- Medium texture hair is the most common. It is more resilient than fine hair but does not appear as silky. It can be straight or wavy. Medium hair requires a balance of nourishment and hydration.
- Hair Texture – Coarse
- Coarse texture hair is strong and thick. It can tolerate a fair amount of heat and processing. It has a wide diameter which gives it more surface to lose moisture. Because of this, coarse hair is not naturally dry but often becomes dry. It requires consistent hydration with moisturizing shampoos and humectant conditioners and styling products.
- Hard water contains minerals and heavy metals that can cause hair cuticle damage. It can also turn hair color brassy and impair the impact of hair treatments. These damaging minerals can be removed through a shower water filter or hard water clarifying shampoos or treatments.
- Helianthus Annuus Seed Oil
- Helianthus Annuus Seed Oil is Sunflower Oil.Sunflower Seed Oil is hydrating, nourishing and an excellent “supporting” oil base. It retains moisture in the skin and is also rich in vitamin E. Sunflower oil retains moisture in brittle hair, thereby reducing hair breakage. Read How to use Sunflower Oil for Hair and Skin.
- Hemp Oil
- Hemp Oil is high in Omega-3, 6 and 9 fatty acids. It is also high in Vitamins A, E, and D. Hemp Seed Oil comes from the seeds of the Cannabis sativa plant. Hemp Seed Oil doesn’t contain the same compounds as the plant but has the nutrients and fatty acids. It reduces acne, prevents hair breakage, and hydrates the scalp.
- Henna strengthens brittle hair cuticles and reduces breakage. It also can loosen a natural curl. Henna works most efficiently when combined with extracts like Amla and Shikakai.
Hibiscus naturally firms skin. It also contains Vitamin C to treat acne, scars, and eczema. It is called the Botox plant because it retains the skin’s elasticity, making it look younger for longer, and treats fine lines.
- Honey is a natural antibacterial and moisturizing humectant. Raw honey is a gentle spot acne treatment and anti-aging antioxidant. Honey is a pore clarifier and a moisturizer. Honey diluted with a fatty oil is a hair and scalp moisturizing masque.
- Honeysuckle Flower Extract (Lonicera Caprifolium) and Lonicera Japonica (Japanese Honeysuckle) Leaf Extract are anti-inflammatories suitable for highly sensitive skin.
- Holy Grail Product HG
- A Holy Grail product, often denoted as an “HG”, is a phrase used to describe the products that are considered a “must-have” product for skin and hair care.
- A product that meaningfully reversed a skin or hair or other problem, without which a beauty goal would not be achieved.
Horsetail Plant Extract
- Horsetail Plant Extract is used in skincare and occasionally hair conditioners because it has has antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and anti-aging properties. It reduces redness and soothes skin. Horsetail makes for more flexible skin, especially in connective skin layers and tissue. Horsetail adds strength to connective skin layers to keep the skin structure as pliable yet taut. Horsetail also lightens discoloration, particularly the dark shadow area of wrinkles.
- Humectant ingredients slow down the loss of moisture from a product during use to keep hair and skin hydrated for longer periods of time.
- Hyaluronic Acid
- Hyaluronic Acid retains moisture and increases the effectiveness of other ingredients. Hyaluronic acid holds its’ weight in moisturizer, plumping the skin, making fine wrinkles and mild sagging disappear temporarily. It also drives active ingredients to deep skin layers for better results. Read more about Hyaluronic Acid and how to use it here.
- Hydrogenated Castor Oil
- Hydrogenated Castor Oil is made from castor bean oil with added hydrogen. This make it a semi-solid waxy form that is firm but spreadable. It is a stable and safe ingredient that delivers the benefits of castor oil including moisture retention. Castor Oil thickens acts as a humectant for frizzy hair.
- Hydrolysed Keratin
- Hydrolysed Keratin is used for hair that has sustained cuticle damage. Hair cuticle damage can lead to keratin loss. Hydrolysed Keratin-containing hair care products can temporarily fill in hair-cuticle gaps.
- Hydrolysed Silk
- Hydrolysed Silk Proteins are found in some shampoos and conditioners that make the hair feel stronger and appear shiny. Hydrolyzed Silk works for stressed, depleted hair by reducing hair breakage by building protein bonds in the hair to make it strong and shiny again. It is “Hydrolyzed”, or broken down in water, from pure silk fibers into silk amino acids which are small enough to penetrate the hair follicle and scalp.
- Hydroquinone is used for the reduction of pigment in dark spots. While highly effective, but somewhat harsh. Results can be more uneven and unpredictable compared to in-office lasers or kojic acid products.
- Hyperpigmentation excessive pigmentation typically seen as dark spots or brown mottling in a area. Often the result of sun damage or medications. Often responds well to Vitamin C serum and retinol treatment
- The fatty layer of skin, fat, and collagen cells.
- A product less likely to cause an allergic reaction based on avoidance or limited use of a known set of common allergen-causing ingredients.